In a previous professional incarnation, I worked as a speech writer for the provincial government in Ontario. As part of my particular portfolio, I prepared speeches on issues relating to consumer protection. I’ll never forget being in a meeting and listening to executives from different financial institutions talk about losing millions of dollars through fraud, and suggesting that it was little more than part of the cost of doing business.
The problem with investing a lot of time, energy and money into stopping fraud was that the fraudsters, a real term used by real people, were always developing new methods to avoid detection. As it pertains to baseball, t’s quite similar to what we see with performance enhancing drug use, and also, as we learned today, with older prospects in Latin America attempting to lie about their age so as to receive the larger signing bonuses reserved for younger prospects.
Baseball America’s Ben Badler explains:
In the early days of age fraud in the Dominican Republic, it wasn’t difficult for a player to shave a few years off his age. It was often as simple as changing the date on the birth certificate by hand.
Major League Baseball now uses stricter checks on players’ ages and identities, making simple document manipulation easier to detect. So players started switching entire identities to take years off their lives.
MLB made the next move in the cat-and-mouse game by instituting DNA testing for international signees in select cases, the first notable example coming in 2009.
Badler goes on to tell us that the latest method that baseball players in Latin America are using to beat DNA testing revolves around having entire families take on new identities.
So in addition to the player switching identities with a younger male, the mother of the player and the mother of the younger male also swap identities. When the player and his mother take a DNA test, they will match.
The family that gives up its identity is compensated for its cooperation.
And so, it goes.
It’s interesting that Badler suggests “MLB has invested a lot of resources in improving its ability to detect and punish fraud on the international market” and it would be even more interesting to compare the league’s efforts to stop performance enhancing drugs. Attempting to fight either seems like a losing battle.
However, the identity issue has a worst case scenario resulting in a franchise losing money. Meanwhile the use of performance enhancing drugs could at worst result in the detriment of a player’s health. That seems a bit more serious to me than a bad investment that should have come with a caveat emptor warning to begin with.